Ecological status of Iraq river’s water

Authors

  • Aleksandr I. Vesentsev Belgorod National Research University
  • Dailal Ali Kzar Belgorod National Research University
  • Natalia A. Volovicheva Belgorod National Research University
  • Svetlana V. Korolkova Belgorod National Research University
  • Anver T. Al-Ateya Belgorod National Research University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52575/2712-7443-2021-45-2-206-213

Keywords:

water pollution by transition metals, Iraqi water resources, water treatment problems, environmental problems of water resources, Iraqi rivers, Euphrates river, Tigris river

Abstract

The problem of the natural fresh water pollution of Iraq`s rivers by cations of transition metal is considered in this article. The main uses of water in Iraq are irrigation, electricity generation and drinking water supply. At the same time, agriculture is the most active consumer of water. It is shown that the uncontrolled discharge into the river basins of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates of wastewater with a high content of pollutants of domestic and technogenic origin has led to a progressively unsatisfactory ecological situation. The researching results of water samples from the Euphrates River from 8 water intake stations are presented. An excess of the maximum permissible concentration of transition cations such as nickel, cadmium and lead in natural waters was revealed by more than 200 times. The pollution of the natural water Iraq`s rivers is a consequence of climatic features and of the lack of proper supervision of enterprises that carry out uncontrolled discharge of wastewater into the natural hydrosphere and the unsatisfactory state of urban wastewater treatment plants.

Author Biographies

Aleksandr I. Vesentsev, Belgorod National Research University

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of General Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, Chemistry and Biology of the Belgorod National Research University,
Belgorod, Russia

Dailal Ali Kzar, Belgorod National Research University

undergraduate, Department of General Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, Chemistry and Biology of the Belgorod National Research University,
Belgorod, Russia

Natalia A. Volovicheva, Belgorod National Research University

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of General Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, Chemistry and Biology of the Belgorod National Research University,
Belgorod, Russia

Svetlana V. Korolkova, Belgorod National Research University

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Russian Language, Professional-Speech and Intercultural Communication, Institute for Intercultural Communication and International Relations of the Belgorod National Research University,
Belgorod, Russia

Anver T. Al-Ateya, Belgorod National Research University

graduate student, Department of General Chemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, Chemistry and Biology of the Belgorod National Research University,
Belgorod, Russia

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Abstract views: 30

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Vesentsev, A. I., Kzar, D. A., Volovicheva, N. A., Korolkova, S. V., & Al-Ateya, A. T. (2021). Ecological status of Iraq river’s water. REGIONAL GEOSYSTEMS , 45(2), 206-213. https://doi.org/10.52575/2712-7443-2021-45-2-206-213

Issue

Section

REGIONAL GEOSYSTEMS

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