Ecological status of Iraq river’s water
Keywords:water pollution by transition metals, Iraqi water resources, water treatment problems, environmental problems of water resources, Iraqi rivers, Euphrates river, Tigris river
The problem of the natural fresh water pollution of Iraq`s rivers by cations of transition metal is considered in this article. The main uses of water in Iraq are irrigation, electricity generation and drinking water supply. At the same time, agriculture is the most active consumer of water. It is shown that the uncontrolled discharge into the river basins of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates of wastewater with a high content of pollutants of domestic and technogenic origin has led to a progressively unsatisfactory ecological situation. The researching results of water samples from the Euphrates River from 8 water intake stations are presented. An excess of the maximum permissible concentration of transition cations such as nickel, cadmium and lead in natural waters was revealed by more than 200 times. The pollution of the natural water Iraq`s rivers is a consequence of climatic features and of the lack of proper supervision of enterprises that carry out uncontrolled discharge of wastewater into the natural hydrosphere and the unsatisfactory state of urban wastewater treatment plants.
Al-Hussaini S.N.H., Al-Obaidy A.H.M.J., Al-Mashhady A.A.M. 2018. Environmental assessment of heavy metal pollution of Diyala River within Baghdad City. Applied Water Science, 8 (3): 1–6. DOI: 10.1007/s13201-018-0707-9.
Al-Khafaji B.Y. 2001. The Initial assessment of some trace metals in Qarmatt Ali river connected with Shatt Al-Arab. Iraqi Journal Biology, 1: 175–186.
Al-Khafaji B.Y., Mohammed A.B., Maqtoof A.A. 2011. Distribution of some heavy metals in water, sediment & fish Cyprinus carpio in Euphrates river near Al- Nassiriya city center south Iraq. Baghdad Science Journal, 8 (1): 552–560. DOI: 10.21123/bsj.2011.8.1.552-560
Al-Taiee T.M., Rasheed A.M. 2009. Simulation Tigris River Flood Wave in Mosul City Due to a Hypothetical Mosul Dam Break. Damascus Univiversity Journal, 25 (2): 17–36.
Alomary A. 2013. Assess determination of trace metals in drinking water in Irbid City-Northern Jordan. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 185 (2): 1969–1975. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-012-2680-3.
Bergdahl I.A. 1988. Lead-binding proteins – a way to understand lead toxicity? Analysis, 26 (6): 81–83.
Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. 2011. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 531 р.
Habeeb M., Al-Bermani A., Salman J. 2015. Environmental study of water quality and some heavy metals in water, sediment and aquatic macrophytas in lotic ecosystem, Iraq. Mesopotamia Environmental Journal, 1: 66–84.
Hassan F., Saleh M., Salman J. 2010. A study of physicochemical parameters and nine heavy metals in the Euphrates River, Iraq. E-Journal of Chemistry, 7 (3): 685–692. DOI: 10.1155/2010/906837
HMRC, Heavy Metal Handbook: A Guide for Health Care Practitioners, 2003. London, United Kingdom, 1–10.
Hussein F., Baqir S., Karam F. 2014. Seasonal Variation in Heavy Metals Contamination in Surface Water of Shatt Al-Hilla River, Babylon, Iraq. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 26 (2014): S207–S210. DOI: 10.14233/ajchem.2014.19047.
Jawad Ali A. 1984. Some trace element analysis of Pliocene Molasse and Recent Euphrates and Tigris fluviatile sediments. Chemical Geology, 45: 213–224.
Jumbe A.S., Nandini N. 2009. Heavy metals analysis and sediment quality values in urban lakes. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5 (6): 678–687.
Kumar R.N., Solanki R., Kumar J.I.N. 2013. Kumar R. N., Solanki R., Kumar J. I. N. Seasonal variation in heavy metal contamination in water and sediments of river Sabarmati and Kharicut canal at Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 185 (1): 359–368. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-012-2558-4.
Nadhir A. 2013. Al-Ansari. Management of Water Resources in Iraq: Perspectives and Prognoses. Engineering, 5 (8): 667–684. DOI:10.4236/eng.2013.58080.
Needleman H.L., Bellinger D. 1991. The health effects of low level exposure to lead. Annual review of public health, 12 (1): 111–140.
Salah E.A.M., Al-Hiti I.K., Alessawi K.A. 2015. Assessment of heavy metals pollution in euphrates rever water, Amiriyah Fallujah, Iraq. Journal of environment and earth science, 5 (15): 59–70.
Un-Escwa B.G.R. 2013. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia; Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. In: Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia. Beirut, Lebanon, 626 p.
Abstract views: 30
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 REGIONAL GEOSYSTEMS
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.