The role of oil production in the acceleration of soil erosion in the steppe agricultural landscapes

The study was supported by RFBR grant No.20-05-00122А (No.АААА-А20- 120011390069-6) and under the theme of state assignment of IS UrB RAS No.АААА-А17-117012610022- 5 (Goszadanie).

Authors

  • Ksenia V. Myachina Institute of Steppe of the UrB of RAS, OFRC of the UrB
  • Svetlana A. Dubrovskaya Institute of Steppe of the UrB of RAS, OFRC of the UrB
  • Roman V. Ryahov Institute of Steppe of the UrB of RAS, OFRC of the UrB

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18413/2712-7443-2020-44-3-283-294

Keywords:

steppe zone, agricultural landscapes, oil production, soil erosion, intensification of gully formation, Volga-Ural region

Abstract

Against the background of prerequisites for the emergence of a global shortage of food resources, the most important task is a comprehensive assessment of the interaction of agricultural production and parallel industrial activities, such as oil and gas production. Among the main factors of technogenic destabilization of landscapes, which can contribute to the loss of productive agricultural land, can be identified soil erosion. The purpose of the study was to analyze the contribution of oil production to the development of erosion processes in mainly agricultural landscapes of the Volga-Ural steppe region. The
analysis of the development of the erosion network was performed at three key plots using Landsat satellite images. Digitization, mapping and classification of erosion network objects were performed for three time sections-1985, 2000, 2019. According to morphometric features, elements of the erosion network are classified into two classes: gullies and hollows. The activity of erosion processes was estimated by zoning based on the density of spatial distribution of elements of the erosion network. It was found that the catalyst for the intensification of soil erosion is the functioning of oil fields, mainly at the stage of maximum technogenic load – during this period, the total length of the erosion network elements can increase by more  than 4 times. Agricultural land located in the zone of influence of the oil field is subject to an increased risk of development of new and activation of existing elements of the erosion network – the activity of gully formation can increase by more than 20 %.

Author Biographies

Ksenia V. Myachina, Institute of Steppe of the UrB of RAS, OFRC of the UrB

Candidate of Sciences in Geography, Leading Researcher of the Department of Landscape Ecology Steppe Institute Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences OFIC Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Orenburg, Russia

Svetlana A. Dubrovskaya, Institute of Steppe of the UrB of RAS, OFRC of the UrB

Candidate of Sciences in Geography, Senior Researcher of the Department of Landscape Ecology Steppe Institute Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences OFIC Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Orenburg, Russia

Roman V. Ryahov, Institute of Steppe of the UrB of RAS, OFRC of the UrB

Junior Researcher of the Department of Landscape Ecology Steppe Institute Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences OFIC Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Orenburg, Russia

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Abstract views: 39

Published

2020-10-23

How to Cite

Myachina, K. V., Dubrovskaya, S. A., & Ryahov, R. V. (2020). The role of oil production in the acceleration of soil erosion in the steppe agricultural landscapes: The study was supported by RFBR grant No.20-05-00122А (No.АААА-А20- 120011390069-6) and under the theme of state assignment of IS UrB RAS No.АААА-А17-117012610022- 5 (Goszadanie). REGIONAL GEOSYSTEMS , 44(3), 283-294. https://doi.org/10.18413/2712-7443-2020-44-3-283-294

Issue

Section

REGIONAL GEOSYSTEMS

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